Pain Management Richmond, VAOne of the leading causes of disability in the U.S. is arthritis, affecting more than 50 million adults and 300,000 children. It is a highly complex disease with multiple symptoms that make finding relief difficult.  While there is no one size fits all cure for arthritis, it is possible to manage the symptoms of arthritis successfully with proper care.  

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a broad term used to describe the symptoms of joint pain or joint disease. It refers to inflammation of the joints and can affect one or multiple joints in the body. Commonly, it results from wear and tear on the cartilage that protects the joints or from an autoimmune disorder that attacks the cartilage. 

Types of Arthritis

There are more than 100 manifestations of arthritis with 4 main classification categories: 

  1. Degenerative arthritis (osteoarthritis) – the cartilage protecting the bone wears away.
  2. Inflammatory arthritis (rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis) – the immune system malfunctions and attacks the cartilage and joints, causing erosion.
  3. Infectious arthritis – a virus, bacterium, or fungus enters the joint, causing inflammation.
  4. Metabolic arthritis – high levels of uric acid form sharp crystals in the joints. 


Typically, people experience pain, swelling, stiffness and decreased range of motion. The intensity ranges from mild to severe. The symptoms may be intermittent.  They may remain the same over many years or progressively worsen over time. Because every case of arthritis manifests differently, the symptoms also are unique to each patient. The arthritis care you receive is also unique to you and your needs.  

Treatment Options

Depending on the severity and type of arthritis, it can be treated in a variety of ways.  Some commonly used treatment methods are prescribed medications, proper exercise, a healthy diet, weight management, or even joint replacement surgery.  

If you are experiencing pain caused by arthritis, please contact us at Commonwealth Spine and Pain Management at (804) 288-7246 or request an online appointment. Our pain management specialists are board certified and are always here to help you manage your arthritis symptoms.